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Skin Lesions: Unmasking the Diversity of Skin Abnormalities

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Skin lesions encompass a broad category of skin abnormalities that can manifest in numerous forms, from harmless moles to potentially serious growths. Understanding the signs and symptoms, causes, potential connection to facial fat compartments, treatment options, prevention strategies, and some intriguing facts about skin lesions can help individuals navigate their skin health with confidence.

Signs and Symptoms

Skin lesions are characterized by various signs and symptoms, including:

  1. Color Changes: Lesions can appear in various colors, including red, pink, brown, black, or even blue.

  2. Texture Differences: Skin lesions may have different textures, such as being raised, flat, smooth, rough, or scaly.

  3. Size Variations: Lesions can range from tiny spots to large patches on the skin.

  4. Shape: Skin lesions can be round, oval, irregularly shaped, or follow a distinct pattern.

  5. Pain or Itching: Some skin lesions may cause discomfort, itching, or burning sensations.


Skin lesions have diverse causes and can affect the skin's appearance and some could be protentially serious:

  1. Moles: Most moles are harmless and result from the clustering of pigment-producing cells (melanocytes) in the skin. Their distribution can vary, including on the face.

  2. Skin Tags: Skin tags are benign growths that often occur in areas of friction or skin folds, including the neck and face.

  3. Actinic Keratosis: These rough, scaly patches are typically caused by sun damage and are more common on sun-exposed areas like the face.

  4. Lipomas: Lipomas are benign fatty tumors that can occur anywhere on the body, including the face.

  5. Basal Cell Carcinoma: This type of skin cancer is often associated with sun exposure and can affect facial skin.


Treatment for skin lesions depends on their type and potential risks:

  1. Observation: Many skin lesions, such as benign moles, may only require monitoring for changes.

  2. Surgical Removal: Skin tags, lipomas, and some types of skin cancer may be surgically removed.
    Our doctor at VECA is very experienced in performing minor surgical procedures such as incision and drainage, diathermy and surgical skin lesion removal.

  3. Cryotherapy: Cryotherapy involves freezing the lesion using liquid nitrogen.

  4. Topical Medications: For conditions like actinic keratosis, topical creams or ointments may be prescribed.

  5. Laser Therapy: Laser treatment can be used for certain vascular lesions or to improve the appearance of scars.


While not all skin lesions can be prevented, individuals can take steps to reduce their risk:

  1. Sun Protection: Use sunscreen, wear protective clothing, and seek shade to minimize sun exposure and reduce the risk of sun-related skin lesions.

  2. Skin Checks: Regularly inspect your skin for new or changing lesions, and consult a dermatologist if you notice any abnormalities.

  3. Hydration: Maintain proper hydration and moisturize your skin to support overall skin health.


  1. Mole Myths: Moles are often associated with beauty marks and are even thought to be lucky in some cultures.

  2. Skin Tags Are Common: Skin tags are one of the most common types of skin lesions and can occur in people of all ages.

  3. Unique Lesion Patterns: Certain conditions, like dermatographia, cause the skin to form raised, red lines or patterns when scratched.

  4. Skin Art: Some people use benign moles or skin lesions as a form of self-expression and consider them unique features that make them stand out.

In conclusion, skin lesions encompass a wide range of skin abnormalities with diverse causes and characteristics. Understanding the potential causes, treatment options, and prevention measures can help individuals maintain healthy skin and address any concerning lesions in a timely manner.

Excision biopsy

An excision biopsy is a surgical procedure to remove a portion of tissue from the body for diagnostic purposes. The tissue removed during the procedure is commonly called a biopsy specimen. The tissue is then examined under a microscope to determine if there is any abnormal growth or disease present.

Excision biopsy is performed under local anesthesia. Incision is made in the skin and removes a portion of the tissue using a scalpel or other surgical instruments. The incision is then closed with sutures. 

The benefits of excision biopsy include its accuracy in diagnosing certain conditions, its ability to provide a tissue sample for further analysis, and its minimally invasive nature.


Diathermy is a medical procedure that uses high-frequency electrical currents to produce heat and cauterize tissues. It is commonly used in surgical procedures to control bleeding, remove abnormal tissue growths, or seal blood vessels.

Diathermy is often used in combination with other surgical techniques, such as scissors or scalpels, to achieve the desired surgical outcome. The procedure is typically performed under local anesthesia.

The benefits of diathermy include its ability to control bleeding and produce precise, clean cuts in the tissue.

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Talk to us about your condition

Please book with us to discuss the best management for your condition.

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