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Wrinkles: The Marks of Time


Wrinkles, those fine lines and creases that appear on the skin as we age, are a natural part of the aging process. While they are a sign of wisdom and experience, many people seek ways to minimize their appearance. In this article, we will explore the signs and symptoms, causes, treatment options, prevention strategies, and some intriguing fun facts about wrinkles.

Signs and Symptoms

Wrinkles are characterized by several key features:

  1. Fine Lines: These are small, shallow creases that typically develop in areas with frequent movement, such as around the eyes and mouth.

  2. Deep Wrinkles: Over time, fine lines can deepen into more pronounced wrinkles that are more noticeable.

  3. Skin Sagging: Wrinkles can be accompanied by sagging skin, especially around the neck and jawline.

  4. Texture Changes: The texture of the skin may become rougher or less smooth in areas with wrinkles.

  5. Increased Fragility: Wrinkled skin is often more fragile and prone to bruising.


Several factors contribute to the development of wrinkles:

  1. Aging: The natural aging process results in the gradual breakdown of collagen and elastin fibers in the skin, leading to reduced skin elasticity and the formation of wrinkles.

  2. Sun Exposure: UV rays from the sun accelerate skin aging by damaging collagen and elastin fibers, causing premature wrinkles. This is known as photoaging.

  3. Smoking: Smoking constricts blood vessels, reducing blood flow to the skin and depriving it of oxygen and nutrients, which can lead to premature wrinkles.

  4. Facial Expressions: Repeated facial movements, such as squinting, smiling, or frowning, can cause wrinkles in the areas where these movements occur.

  5. Genetics: Genetics play a role in how our skin ages, including our susceptibility to wrinkles.


Several treatments can help reduce the appearance of wrinkles:

  1. Topical Creams: Over-the-counter or prescription creams containing retinoids, antioxidants, or hyaluronic acid can improve the appearance of wrinkles.

  2. Botulinum toxin: Botulinum toxin injections temporarily relax the muscles responsible for certain wrinkles, such as frown lines and crow's feet.

  3. Dermal Fillers: Injectable fillers can plump up wrinkles and restore lost volume in the skin.

  4. Laser Therapy: Laser treatments can stimulate collagen production, improving skin texture and reducing wrinkles.

  5. Chemical Peels: Chemical peels remove the outer layer of skin, promoting the growth of new, smoother skin.


While wrinkles are a natural part of aging, some strategies can help slow down their development:

  1. Sun Protection: Use sunscreen with a high SPF (we'd advise SPF 50+), wear protective clothing, and seek shade to minimize sun exposure.

  2. Healthy Lifestyle: Eat a balanced diet rich in antioxidants, stay hydrated, and avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.

  3. Skin Care: Maintain a regular skincare routine that includes cleansing, moisturizing, and the use of anti-aging products.

  4. Hydration: Keep the skin hydrated by using moisturizers and drinking plenty of water.

  5. Avoiding Repetitive Movements: Consider wearing sunglasses to prevent squinting and using reading glasses to reduce the need for straining the eyes.


  1. Smiling and Frowning: While smiling can contribute to the development of crow's feet, studies have shown that people who smile more tend to live longer and have a better quality of life.

  2. Sunbathing and Tanning Beds: Sunbathing and tanning bed use can lead to premature wrinkles and increase the risk of skin cancer.

  3. Wrinkles and Gender: Men generally develop wrinkles later than women, but their wrinkles tend to be deeper when they do appear.

  4. Wrinkles as a Sign of Wisdom: In many cultures, wrinkles are seen as a sign of wisdom, experience, and a life well-lived.

  5. Wrinkles Are Unique: Just as fingerprints are unique to each individual, the pattern of wrinkles on a person's face is also distinctive.

In conclusion, wrinkles are a natural part of the aging process, but they can be influenced by various factors, including sun exposure and lifestyle choices. By understanding the causes, treatment options, and preventive measures, individuals can make informed decisions to maintain healthy and youthful-looking skin as they age.

Botulinum Toxin

Forehead, glabella and crows feet before and after treatment with Xeomin botulium toxin injections.

Talk to us about your condition

Please book with us to discuss the best management for your condition.


Xeomin® is a Prescription Medicine containing 50, 100 units of incobotulinum Type A, purified Botulinum toxin type A complex for injection.  It is used for the treatment of frown lines on the forehead, lateral periorbital lines and horizontal forehead lines in adults. It should be administered only by trained medical professionals. Talk to your specialist about the benefits/risks of this procedure in appearance medicine. Xeomin treatment lasts about four months and further courses of treatment may be necessary. Cautions: people receiving blood thinning medicines, care at the proposed injection sites, pregnancy and lactation. Possible side effects: headache, pain, swelling or infection at injection site, local muscle weakness including drooping eye lids, lack of feeling & nausea. Treatment last for up to 4 months. You will need to pay for this medicine. Discuss with your specialist if Xeomin is right for you. For more information or for a copy of CMI please contact the NZ distributor: Merz, Sydney. Distributed by Healthcare Logistics, Auckland.

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